Process

The Making of Furniture

The whole process of making wooden furniture involves 10 main steps

1. Identification of Right Kind of Wood
 

The very first step of wood furniture processing is to identify the suitable type of wood. This has to be done very carefully as misidentification of wood may spoil the charm of furniture. Knowledge of various types of wood helps in impeccable identification of appropriate wood.

   
2. Selection of Wood
 

Next step is to select the suitable wood which is needed for furniture manufacturing.

We basically deal ito 3 kinds of wood sheesham(Dalbergia sissoo),mango(Mangifera indica), and babool or kikkar(Acacia nilotica).

 
 
PURE SHEESHAM WOOD
   
3. Cutting of Raw Wood
 

Once, right kind of wood has been selected then its time to cut that in needed sizes and shapes. The adequate cutting of wood plays a vital role in wood furniture processing. Specialized tools are used by our workers, to cut the wood in desired size.

   
4. SEASONING OF WOOD
 

Wood Seasoning refers to reducing the moisture content of wood prior to its use. It is the process of removing its moisture contents to an average equilibrium with the atmospheric conditions of the locality of use. Ideally, wood is dried to that equilibrium moisture content as will later (in service) be attained by the wood so that further dimensional change will be kept to a minimum.

We use the method of Kiln Drying. Seasoning Kiln is a masonry chamber equipped with steam pipes, fins, air circulators and an airtight door. Pre-seasoned wood is stacked inside this chamber and hot air is pumped at regulated levels. This induces an evaporation process, which draws water out of the wood. Within 10 to 15 days of kiln seasoning, the moisture content is successfully brought down to 12 % to 15 %.

 

   
5. WOOD CHEMICAL TREATMENT
 

Timber is prone to deterioration by the action of biological agents like fungi, insects and termites. To save timber from deterioration, chemical treatment is found to be the only solution. There are three methods of Chemical Treatment.

We use Pressure Impregnation Method. According to this method the timber is stacked inside a circular steel chamber and after closing the door of the chamber, vacuum is created to draw the air from the cylinder. After creating vacuum, chemicals are pumped into the cylinder and pressure is applied @ 150 PSI for a duration of 1 1/2 to 2 Hrs. The pressure forces the chemicals into the wood, which has empty pockets inside on account of the vacuum created earlier.

The chemicals used in our treatment process are Boric Acid, Copper Sulphate.

   
6. PROCESSING UNDER MACHINES
 

The wood is now processed with specialized machines and equipments. These machines remove the unfinished edges of wood parts

   
7. CARVING
 

Captivating carving of wood furniture attracts everyone. The machine-processed wood parts are now carved by expert craftsmen.

   
8. FLAT-LINE SANDING
 

Wood parts carry uneven textures so these parts are sanded properly in order to make the texture even and smooth

   
9. FINISHING OF FRAME
 

Once again this ready frame is sanded and finished well. Ready frame is finally sanded carefully in order to avoid any unevenness.

   
10.   FINISHING AND POLISHING PROCESS
 

At this stage ready furniture is finished with coats of specialized lacquer. Various types of varnishes are used to give a glossy look to furniture. Polishing prevents the shien of furniture and enhances its durability.